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75 pictures on 75th Independence Day, which show how much our country has changed since 1947

75th Independence Day

India will celebrate its 75th Independence Day on 15 August 2022. A day when the whole country is colored in one color of freedom. This day often prompts us to look back in the past and understand everything that happened in the past equally. The country’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the tricolor on August 15, 1947, above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. After this it is a tradition which is followed every year by the Prime Ministers.

From 1947 to 2022, we have come a long way of independence. Come, on this 75th Independence Day, through 75 photos (75 Photos Depicting India Independence Journey), let us refresh the memories of this entire journey.

75 Photos Depicting India Independence Journey

  1. The country’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru gave his first speech after independence.
jawahar lal nehru
Source: merepix

2. Lakhs of people had gathered to listen to Nehru’s speech.

स्पीच
Source: merepix

3. Independence was achieved on 15th August, but the whole day was spent in paperwork.  

आज़ादी
Source: merepix

4. The tricolor was hoisted on the first Red Fort on the morning of 16 August.

तिरंगा

5. After 200 years of brutal British rule, people got freedom, then they started dancing happily.

रेयर
Source: merepix

6. Before independence, India was divided. More than 20 million people migrated from both India and Pakistan. During this, about 10 to 20 lakh people died. 

हिंदुस्तान

7. On 30 January 1948, Nathuram Godse shot and killed Mahatma Gandhi. During that time his last rites were performed on the banks of Yamuna in Delhi. In which 15 lakh people were walking with their meaning.

गांधी
Source: hindustantimes

8. The ashes of Mahatma Gandhi are being taken to the streets of Allahabad of that time before sending them to the Sangam.

गांधी
Source: hindustantimes

9. In January 1950, Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, sat in the same 100-year-old wagon and went out to watch the parade in which the Viceroy of the British used to roam.

राजेंद्र
Source: merepix

10. Rajendra Prasad signing the Constitution of India. 

संविधान
Source: merepix

11. After independence, India organized the Asian Games from 4 to 11 March 1951.

एशियन गेम्स
Source: thequint

12. The first general elections were held from 25 October 1951 to 21 February 1952. 

aam chunav
Source: theprint

13. On May 13, 1952, for the first time in the country, the proceedings of the Parliament began.

first parliament meeting in india

4. Life Insurance Corporation of India was started on 1st September 1956.

भारतीय जीवन बीमा निगम
Source: bhaskar

15. Milkha Singh won the first gold for the country in the 1958 Commonwealth Games.

मिल्‍खा सिंह
Source: theguardian

16. The Dalai Lama, who fled from Tibet, got asylum in India in 1958.

दलाई लामा भारत 1958
Source: deccanherald

17. Goa became independent on 19 December 1961 after 400 years of Portuguese rule and became a part of India.

गोवा
Source: homegrown

18. In October-November 1962, the armies of India and China kept fighting with each other.

1962 indo china war
Source: indiatoday

19. In the year 1963, the Bhakra Nangal Dam was ready, from where electricity was started for the first time in independent India.

1963 bhakhra
Source: traveltriangle

20. The country’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru died on 27 May 1964. He was ill for several days. 

नेहरू
Source: cloudfront

21. On January 3, 1966 in Uzbekistan, the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri signed a peace agreement with Pakistani PM Ayub Khan. He died on 19 January. 

1966 lal bahadur shastri agreement uzbekistan

22. On 19 January 1966, Indira Gandhi became the first woman PM of the country.

1966 indira gandhi
Source: asianage

23. In the backward states like Bihar, Orissa, Bengal, the famine in 1966 caused terrible destruction.

bihar famine 1966
Source: flickr

24. This picture is from 28 November 1963. Then ISRO started work, but then it was not officially announced to be established. This establishment was announced in 1969.

1969 isro
Source: byjus

25. After the fighting in December 1971, 90,000 soldiers of Pakistan surrendered to the Indian Army, which was followed by the Simla Treaty in 1972.

1972 shimla agreement
Source: indiatvnews

26. On 18 May 1974, India became the sixth such country in the world with the successful test of its first nuclear weapon.

1974 parmanu parikshan
Source: india

27. Indira Gandhi defeated Raj Narayan in the 1971 general election. But Narayan had alleged that Indira had spent more money than the fixed limit in the election. The court upheld the allegations in 1975. 

indira gandhi emergency
Source: indianexpress

28. In the year 1976, under the leadership of socialist leader JP Narayan, a battle was fought against the Indira government over the Emergency.

jp narayan 1976 emergency
Source: indianexpress

29. Elections were held between 16-20 March 1977. The party backed by JP won. During this, for the first time a non-Congress government was formed in India.

jp narayan 1977 victory
Source: indiatoday

30. Morarji Desai became the Prime Minister and his government lasted for 2 years, 126 days. Then in the year 1979, Chaudhary Charan Singh took over the post of PM.

chaudhary charan singh oath
Source: charansingh

31. Indira Gandhi returned to power within 3 years of imposing emergency in 1980.

1980 indira gandhi win
Source: theprint

32. In 1980, Indira Gandhi’s younger son Sanjay Gandhi died in a plane crash.

1980 sanjay gandhi death
Source: nyoooz

33. India won the Olympic gold medal for the country by defeating Spain in the final at the Moscow Olympics on 29 July 1980.

moscow olympics 1980 india
Source: rediff

34. Infosys company started on 2 July 1981 from Pune. Through this, India brought information technology revolution all over the world.

infosys founded in 1981
Source: scoopwhoop

35. NT Rama Rao formed the Telugu Desam Party and contested elections in Andhra and became the CM himself after winning in 1983.

एनटी रामा राव
Source: livemint

36. For the first time in 1983, the Indian cricket team captained Kapil Dev.

वर्ल्ड कप
Source: indianexpress

37. In the year 1984, Indian Air Force pilot Rakesh Sharma is the first person from India, who traveled to space.

rakesh sharma 1984
Source: bbc

38. On 5 March 1984, Indira Gandhi ordered Operation Blue Star.

blue star 1984
Source: sundayguardianlive

39. On 31 October 1984, the then PM Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her own bodyguards Satwant Singh i.e. Santa and Beant Singh i.e. Banta.

indira gandhi death
Source: scotsman

40.  After the assassination of Indira Gandhi, riots broke out in the whole country, in which about 15 thousand people of the Sikh community were killed.

riots after indira gandhi death
Source: gulfnews

41. Rajiv Gandhi came to Delhi from West Bengal as soon as he got the news of the death of his mother Indira Gandhi. During that time he was set to become the PM. 

1984 rajiv gandhi
Source: thewire

42. For the first time in 1984, Bachendri Pal climbed Everest and hoisted the tricolor.  

बचेंद्री
Source: patrika

43. In 1984, 3,787 people died in the Bhopal gas tragedy, while more than 5.74 lakh people were injured or crippled.

1984 bhopal gas tragedy
Source: ipleaders

44. Since the dispute with China in 1962, no PM of India has gone to China. Rajiv Gandhi was the first Prime Minister who visited China in the year 1988 during his tenure.

1988 rajeev gandhi china tour
Source: theweek

45. On 21 May 1991, an explosion occurred when a girl bowed down to touch the feet of former Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi, who was campaigning in Tamil Nadu. In this 15 people including Rajiv died.

rajeev gandhi death
Source: livemint

46. ​​On 24 July 1991, PM Narasimha Rao and Finance Minister Manmohan Singh announced the new industrial policy.

new industrial policy 1991 manmohan singh
Source: hindustantimes

47. In 1992, on 2 October, for the first time, Zee Television a Hindi satellite and cable TV was launched.

केबल
Source: bhaskar

48. In the year 1992, the biggest scam after independence was exposed. In this, a scam of Rs 5000 crore was exposed in the State Bank on behalf of Harshad Mehta, the big bull of the stock market.

harshad mehta
Source: livelaw

49. On 6 December 1992, the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya was demolished by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad and some Hindu organizations.

ayodhya babri masjid
Source: dnaindia

50. In the year 1993, on March 12, there were bomb blasts in different places of Mumbai on a single day.

1993 mumbai blast
Source: bbc

51. In 1994, Sushmita Sen was elected India’s first Miss Universe.

1994 sushmita sen
Source: indiatvnews

52. In 1994, Aishwarya Rai was elected Miss World for the first time.

Source: yahoo

53. BJP for the first time after independence in 1996 

1996 bjp
Source: openthemagazine

54. In 1999, India declared victory in the Kargil War for the first time. 

1999 kargil war
Source: hwnews

55. On 24 December 1999, terrorists hijacked a plane carrying 189 passengers from Kathmandu airport in Nepal to Kandahar in Afghanistan. Passengers were released after the release of 3 terrorists including Masood Azhar.

1999 air india hijack
Source: dawn

56. After the JP movement, the strike of 3 lakh employees of the telecom sector is recorded as the biggest demonstration against the government.

telecom
Source: indianexpress

57. On December 13, during the proceedings in Parliament, some terrorist organizations attacked the Parliament.

2001 parliament attack
Source: huffpost

58. The reason for the 2002 Gujarat riots is believed to be the burning of the train in Godhra.

2002 gujarat riots
Source: theweek

59. The documents mention cases of brutal murder and burning of thousands of people. 

2002 gujarat riots
Source: telegraphindia

60. In 2004, Manmohan Singh was sworn in as the Sikh Chief Minister for the first time. 

manmohan singh 2004
Source: venkatarangan

61. On 7 March 2006, there was a terrorist attack on Sankat Mochan Temple in Kashi i.e. Banaras. 

2006 varanasi bombings
Source: english.jagran.

62. On July 11, 2006, in the evening in Mumbai, there were several blasts one by one for about 12 minutes.

2006 mumbai train bombings
Source: bbc

63. On 26 November 2008, a terrorist group from Pakistan, targeting people at 10 different places in Mumbai, shot people, threw grenades. In this 175 people died.

2008 mumbai attacks
Source: nytimes

64. In the year 2010, the first Aadhaar card was made by Ranjana Sonavane, a resident of Tembhali village in Nandurbar district of Maharashtra.

2010 first aadhaar card
Source: indianexpress

65. Anna movement against corruption was started for the first time in the year 2011.

2011 anna andolan
Source: thecommonmanspeaks

66. On the night of 16 December 2012, a physiotherapy student was gang-raped in a bus in Vasant Kunj, Delhi. The victim died during treatment. After this there were demonstrations against the government all over the country.

2012 nirbhaya rape andolan
Source: news18

67. In 13, Sachin Tendulkar, who was called the God of Cricket, had retired from cricket.

सचिन
Source: allaboutcric

68. In independent India, the BJP got a majority in the 2014 general elections. Narendra Modi took oath as the Prime Minister for the first time in the open ground

2014 pm modi shapath
Source: indiatoday

69. This happened for the first time in the year 2015, when the then US President Barack Obama visited India on Republic Day. 

barack obama 2015 india
Source: obamawhitehouse

70. The Modi government implemented the Goods and Services Tax from 1 July 2017.

2017 goods and service tax india pm modi

71. In 2018 homosexuals got legalization in India.

2018 lgbt india
Source: BBC

72. The Wing Commander of the Indian Air Force had fallen in Balakot, Pakistan in retaliation for the attack in Pulwama by Pakistan. Later the Imran Khan government of Pakistan decided to leave him in 2019.

abhinandan
Source: thehindu

73. On August 5, 2020, PM Modi performed Bhoomi Pujan for the Ram temple in Ayodhya.

2020 pm modi ayodhya
Source: indianexpress

74. In the year 2021, India won 7 medals for the first time in Tokyo Olympics. 

neraj chopra
Source: outlookindia

75. In the Commonwealth Games in 2022, India finished fourth in the medal tally with 61 medals including 22 gold, 16 silver and 23 bronze.

india commonwealth games 2022
Source: jagranjosh

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