India will celebrate its 75th Independence Day on 15 August 2022. A day when the whole country is colored in one color of freedom. This day often prompts us to look back in the past and understand everything that happened in the past equally. The country’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the tricolor on August 15, 1947, above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. After this it is a tradition which is followed every year by the Prime Ministers.
From 1947 to 2022, we have come a long way of independence. Come, on this 75th Independence Day, through 75 photos (75 Photos Depicting India Independence Journey), let us refresh the memories of this entire journey.
75 Photos Depicting India Independence Journey
- The country’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru gave his first speech after independence.
2. Lakhs of people had gathered to listen to Nehru’s speech.
3. Independence was achieved on 15th August, but the whole day was spent in paperwork.
4. The tricolor was hoisted on the first Red Fort on the morning of 16 August.
5. After 200 years of brutal British rule, people got freedom, then they started dancing happily.
6. Before independence, India was divided. More than 20 million people migrated from both India and Pakistan. During this, about 10 to 20 lakh people died.
7. On 30 January 1948, Nathuram Godse shot and killed Mahatma Gandhi. During that time his last rites were performed on the banks of Yamuna in Delhi. In which 15 lakh people were walking with their meaning.
8. The ashes of Mahatma Gandhi are being taken to the streets of Allahabad of that time before sending them to the Sangam.
9. In January 1950, Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, sat in the same 100-year-old wagon and went out to watch the parade in which the Viceroy of the British used to roam.
10. Rajendra Prasad signing the Constitution of India.
11. After independence, India organized the Asian Games from 4 to 11 March 1951.
13. On May 13, 1952, for the first time in the country, the proceedings of the Parliament began.
4. Life Insurance Corporation of India was started on 1st September 1956.
15. Milkha Singh won the first gold for the country in the 1958 Commonwealth Games.
16. The Dalai Lama, who fled from Tibet, got asylum in India in 1958.
17. Goa became independent on 19 December 1961 after 400 years of Portuguese rule and became a part of India.
18. In October-November 1962, the armies of India and China kept fighting with each other.
19. In the year 1963, the Bhakra Nangal Dam was ready, from where electricity was started for the first time in independent India.
20. The country’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru died on 27 May 1964. He was ill for several days.
21. On January 3, 1966 in Uzbekistan, the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri signed a peace agreement with Pakistani PM Ayub Khan. He died on 19 January.
22. On 19 January 1966, Indira Gandhi became the first woman PM of the country.
23. In the backward states like Bihar, Orissa, Bengal, the famine in 1966 caused terrible destruction.
24. This picture is from 28 November 1963. Then ISRO started work, but then it was not officially announced to be established. This establishment was announced in 1969.
25. After the fighting in December 1971, 90,000 soldiers of Pakistan surrendered to the Indian Army, which was followed by the Simla Treaty in 1972.
26. On 18 May 1974, India became the sixth such country in the world with the successful test of its first nuclear weapon.
27. Indira Gandhi defeated Raj Narayan in the 1971 general election. But Narayan had alleged that Indira had spent more money than the fixed limit in the election. The court upheld the allegations in 1975.
28. In the year 1976, under the leadership of socialist leader JP Narayan, a battle was fought against the Indira government over the Emergency.
29. Elections were held between 16-20 March 1977. The party backed by JP won. During this, for the first time a non-Congress government was formed in India.
30. Morarji Desai became the Prime Minister and his government lasted for 2 years, 126 days. Then in the year 1979, Chaudhary Charan Singh took over the post of PM.
31. Indira Gandhi returned to power within 3 years of imposing emergency in 1980.
32. In 1980, Indira Gandhi’s younger son Sanjay Gandhi died in a plane crash.
33. India won the Olympic gold medal for the country by defeating Spain in the final at the Moscow Olympics on 29 July 1980.
34. Infosys company started on 2 July 1981 from Pune. Through this, India brought information technology revolution all over the world.
35. NT Rama Rao formed the Telugu Desam Party and contested elections in Andhra and became the CM himself after winning in 1983.
36. For the first time in 1983, the Indian cricket team captained Kapil Dev.
37. In the year 1984, Indian Air Force pilot Rakesh Sharma is the first person from India, who traveled to space.
38. On 5 March 1984, Indira Gandhi ordered Operation Blue Star.
39. On 31 October 1984, the then PM Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her own bodyguards Satwant Singh i.e. Santa and Beant Singh i.e. Banta.
40. After the assassination of Indira Gandhi, riots broke out in the whole country, in which about 15 thousand people of the Sikh community were killed.
41. Rajiv Gandhi came to Delhi from West Bengal as soon as he got the news of the death of his mother Indira Gandhi. During that time he was set to become the PM.
42. For the first time in 1984, Bachendri Pal climbed Everest and hoisted the tricolor.
43. In 1984, 3,787 people died in the Bhopal gas tragedy, while more than 5.74 lakh people were injured or crippled.
44. Since the dispute with China in 1962, no PM of India has gone to China. Rajiv Gandhi was the first Prime Minister who visited China in the year 1988 during his tenure.
45. On 21 May 1991, an explosion occurred when a girl bowed down to touch the feet of former Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi, who was campaigning in Tamil Nadu. In this 15 people including Rajiv died.
46. On 24 July 1991, PM Narasimha Rao and Finance Minister Manmohan Singh announced the new industrial policy.
47. In 1992, on 2 October, for the first time, Zee Television a Hindi satellite and cable TV was launched.
48. In the year 1992, the biggest scam after independence was exposed. In this, a scam of Rs 5000 crore was exposed in the State Bank on behalf of Harshad Mehta, the big bull of the stock market.
49. On 6 December 1992, the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya was demolished by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad and some Hindu organizations.
50. In the year 1993, on March 12, there were bomb blasts in different places of Mumbai on a single day.
51. In 1994, Sushmita Sen was elected India’s first Miss Universe.
52. In 1994, Aishwarya Rai was elected Miss World for the first time.
53. BJP for the first time after independence in 1996
54. In 1999, India declared victory in the Kargil War for the first time.
55. On 24 December 1999, terrorists hijacked a plane carrying 189 passengers from Kathmandu airport in Nepal to Kandahar in Afghanistan. Passengers were released after the release of 3 terrorists including Masood Azhar.
56. After the JP movement, the strike of 3 lakh employees of the telecom sector is recorded as the biggest demonstration against the government.
57. On December 13, during the proceedings in Parliament, some terrorist organizations attacked the Parliament.
58. The reason for the 2002 Gujarat riots is believed to be the burning of the train in Godhra.
59. The documents mention cases of brutal murder and burning of thousands of people.
60. In 2004, Manmohan Singh was sworn in as the Sikh Chief Minister for the first time.
61. On 7 March 2006, there was a terrorist attack on Sankat Mochan Temple in Kashi i.e. Banaras.
62. On July 11, 2006, in the evening in Mumbai, there were several blasts one by one for about 12 minutes.
63. On 26 November 2008, a terrorist group from Pakistan, targeting people at 10 different places in Mumbai, shot people, threw grenades. In this 175 people died.
64. In the year 2010, the first Aadhaar card was made by Ranjana Sonavane, a resident of Tembhali village in Nandurbar district of Maharashtra.
65. Anna movement against corruption was started for the first time in the year 2011.
66. On the night of 16 December 2012, a physiotherapy student was gang-raped in a bus in Vasant Kunj, Delhi. The victim died during treatment. After this there were demonstrations against the government all over the country.
67. In 13, Sachin Tendulkar, who was called the God of Cricket, had retired from cricket.
68. In independent India, the BJP got a majority in the 2014 general elections. Narendra Modi took oath as the Prime Minister for the first time in the open ground
69. This happened for the first time in the year 2015, when the then US President Barack Obama visited India on Republic Day.
70. The Modi government implemented the Goods and Services Tax from 1 July 2017.
71. In 2018 homosexuals got legalization in India.
72. The Wing Commander of the Indian Air Force had fallen in Balakot, Pakistan in retaliation for the attack in Pulwama by Pakistan. Later the Imran Khan government of Pakistan decided to leave him in 2019.
73. On August 5, 2020, PM Modi performed Bhoomi Pujan for the Ram temple in Ayodhya.
74. In the year 2021, India won 7 medals for the first time in Tokyo Olympics.
75. In the Commonwealth Games in 2022, India finished fourth in the medal tally with 61 medals including 22 gold, 16 silver and 23 bronze.
75 Photos Depicting India Independence Journey